Suppression of osteoblast toll-like receptor 2 signaling by endothelin-1

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Peripheral endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels are increased in chronic systemic disorders such as congestive cardiac failure, diabetes and chronic renal failure. Bone infections are also associated with poor prognoses in these conditions. In the present study, we examined the alterations in Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) signaling induced by ET-1 in an in vitro osteoblast cell model. The TLR2-positive murine osteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 was treated with heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes (HKLM), a TLR2 ligand, in the presence or absence of ET-1. We examined TLR2 expression, intranuclear NF-κB phosphorylation and interleukin 6 (IL-6) production. ET-1 suppressed cell surface expression of TLR2, NF-κB phosphorylation and IL-6 production. As TLR2 represents an important mechanism by which osteoblasts recognize bacterial pathogens, a continuously elevated ET-1 status may impair pathogenic recognition by osteoblasts and consequently affect bone metabolism during infections. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 32:910–914, 2014.

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