FE analysis of the effects of simplifications in experimental testing on micromotions of uncemented femoral knee implants

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Abstract

Experimental testing of orthopaedic implants requires simplifications concerning load application and activities being analyzed. This computational study investigated how these simplifications affect micromotions at the bone-implant interface of an uncemented femoral knee implant. As a basis, validated in vivo loads of the stance phase of gait and a deep knee bend were adopted. Eventually, three configurations were considered: (i) simulation of the complete loading cycle; (ii) inclusion of only tibiofemoral loads (ignoring patellofemoral loads); and (iii) applying only a single peak tibiofemoral force. For all loading conditions the largest micromotions found at the proximal anterior flange. Without the patellofemoral force, peak micromotions increased 6% and 22% for gait and deep knee bend, respectively. By applying a single peak tibiofemoral force micromotions were overestimated. However, the peak micromotions corresponded to the maximum tibiofemoral force, and strong micromotion correlations were found between a complete loading cycle and a single peak load (R2 = 0.73 and R2 = 0.89 for gait and deep knee bend, respectively). Deep knee bend resulted in larger micromotions than gait. Our study suggests that a simplified peak force can be used to assess the stability of cementless femoral components. For more robust testing, implants should be subjected to different loading modes. © 2015 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 34:812–819, 2016.

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