The purpose of this study was to explore the multilevel contextual factors that influenced the implementation of the Obstetric Hemorrhage Initiative (OHI) among hospitals in Florida.STUDY DESIGN:
A qualitative evaluation was conducted via in-depth interviews with multidisciplinary hospital staff (n = 50) across 12 hospitals. Interviews were guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research and analyzed in Atlas.ti using rigorous qualitative analysis procedures.RESULT:
Factors influencing OHI implementation were present across process (leadership engagement; engaging people; planning; reflecting), inner setting (for example, knowledge/beliefs; resources; communication; culture) and outer setting (for example, cosmopolitanism) levels. Moreover, factors interacted across levels and were not mutually exclusive. Leadership and staff buy-in emerged as important components influencing OHI implementation across disciplines.CONCLUSION:
Key contextual factors found to influence OHI implementation experiences can be useful in informing future quality improvement interventions given the institutional and provider-level behavioral changes needed to account for evolving the best practices in perinatology.