The impact of integrated evaluation of hemodynamics using targeted neonatal echocardiography with indices of tissue oxygenation: a new approach

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the impact of integrated evaluation of hemodynamics (IEH) using targeted neonatal echocardiography, together with regional tissue oxygenation, fractional oxygen extraction using near-infrared spectroscopy on the management of infants with compromised hemodynamics.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort comparison of two groups of infants with compromised hemodynamics. EPOCH 1: did not undergo IEH (January 2012 to March 2014); EPOCH 2: underwent IEH (April 2014 to December 2015). The primary outcome was the time to recovery.

RESULTS:

In all, 340 infants were included; 158 underwent IEH with a median (IQR) of 2 (1 to 3) evaluations per infant. Reasons for assessment included PDA (60%), compromised systemic circulation (14%) and clinically suspected pulmonary hypertension (22%). The time to recovery was shorter in IEH group in patients with compromised systemic circulation median (IQR), 32 h (24 to 63) compared with none IEH group 71 h (36 to 96), pulmonary hypertension 63 h (14.2 to 102) in IEH group compared with 68 h (24 to 240) in none IEH group, there were fewer PDA-related complications in preterm infants with PDA in IEH group.

CONCLUSION:

IEH was associated with shorter time to clinical recovery in infants with compromised hemodynamics

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