The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival rate of immediately provisionalized dental implants immediately placed into fresh extraction sockets.Methods:
The study consisted of 87 consecutive patients, ranging in age from 21 to 76 years (average: 53.30 ± 13.34 years), who received 210 immediately provisionalized, immediately placed dental implants between the years 2000 and 2005. Data were recorded regarding the survival rate of these implants and the incidence of complications.Results:
Follow-up ranged from 6 to 52 months (mean: 15.60 ± 12.60 months). Smoking, past and present, was reported by 28.7% and 20.7% of patients, respectively. The maxillary incisors were replaced most frequently, followed by the mandibular lateral incisors. Most of the implants were >13 mm in length and ≥3.75 mm in diameter. There were 47 (22.4%) single restored implants and 163 (77.6%) splinted implants. Overall, the implant survival rate was 97.6% (five implants failed). Complications, such as swelling, inflammation, and pain, were observed in 24 (11.4%) of the implants. No relation was found between complications and failure. The present study failed to reveal a relationship between implant survival rate and smoking, implant dimensions, and area of implantation.Conclusion:
Immediately provisionalized immediate implants can serve as a predictable procedure with high survival rates. J Periodontol 2007;78:219-223.