PRL-3 promotes migration and invasion and is associated with poor prognosis in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

PRL-3 had been found to be involved in tumorigenesis in various malignancies. In this study, we investigated the role of PRL-3 in the development, migration, and invasion of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC).

METHODS:

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to analyze the role of PRL-3 in the development and prognosis of SACC. Then, we overexpressed or inhibited the expression of PRL-3 in paired SACC cells to analyze the role of PRL-3 in the migration and invasion of SACC.In vitromigration and invasion assays were used. Western blotting was used to detect metastasis-related protein levels.

RESULTS:

IHC results confirmed that the deregulation of PRL-3 was a frequent event in SACC; the upregulation of PRL-3 was related to clinical stages, vital status, and distant metastasis, which was associated with reduced overall survival and disease-free survival. SACC-LM cells with higher migratory and invasive abilities had more robust PRL-3 protein expression than SACC-83 cells with lower migratory and invasive abilities. PRL-3 overexpression promoted cell migration, invasion, and proliferation, led to simultaneous upregulation of phosphorylated PRL-3, pERK1/2, Slug, vimentin, and downregulation of E-cadherin in SACC-83 cells. However, the inhibition of PRL-3 by PRL-3 inhibitor or PRL-3 siRNA in SACC-LM cells inhibited cell migration, invasion, and proliferation, resulted in simultaneous downregulation of phosphorylated PRL-3, pERK1/2, Slug, vimentin, and upregulation of E-cadherin.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results confirm that PRL-3 plays an important role in the development of SACC and contributes to the migratory and invasive abilities of SACC.

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