EXCYSTATION OF THE ENCYSTED METACERCARIAE OFECHINOSTOMA TRIVOLVISANDECHINOSTOMA CAPRONIIN A TRYPSIN-BILE SALTS-CYSTEINE MEDIUM AND MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE EXCYSTED LARVAE

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Abstract

A trypsin-bile salts-cysteine (TBC) medium was used to excyst the encysted metacercariae of Echinostoma caproni and Echinostoma trivolvis, 2 allopatric species of Echinostoma. This medium was used to replace a previously used trypsin-bile salts (TB) medium that was no longer effective because of the unavailability of the original stocks of trypsin. The TBC medium maintained at 41 C allowed for 68.6% excystation of E. caproni at 1 hr and 57.5% excystation of E. trivolvis at 2 hr. The cysteine reductant in the TBC medium was necessary; if it was omitted, excystation was nil. Morphometric analysis was done on the excysted metacercariae following fixation of the larvae in hot, 5% neutral buffered formalin and mounting them on slides in glycerin jelly. Body and organ measurements were made on these larvae. The diameter of the acetabulum of E. caproni was significantly greater than that of E. trivolvis. Likewise, the number and diameter of the excretory concretions found in E. caproni were significantly larger than those of E. trivolvis. Morphometric analysis can be used to distinguish structural differences in closely related allopatric species of Echinostoma.

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