Strategies for the Storage ofAncylostoma caninumThird-Stage Larvae

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Abstract

Although cryopreservation protocols for storage of hookworm larvae have been described, the circumstances under which the technique is necessary to ensure larval survival are not well defined. The motility of infective-stage larvae (as judged by observation) and their ability to migrate through canine skin in vitro were measured over a 7-mo period in worms held at room temperature and worms that had been cryopreserved at the start of the experiment. Cryopreserved worms showed motility and migration proportions of 45.6–48.0% and 26.8–34.0%, respectively, throughout the experiment, compared with percentages of 92.7 and 84.1%, respectively, in the original fresh worms. Larvae held at room temperature showed a gradual decrease in motility and migration ability over the experimental period. Motility and migratory ability of cryopreserved larvae was only significantly higher (P < 0.01) than room temperature-stored larvae from 4 and 5 mo onward, respectively.

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