In this paper, we consider the linear complementarity problem (LCP) and present a global optimization algorithm based on an application of the reformulation-linearization technique (RLT). The matrix M associated with the LCP is not assumed to possess any special structure. In this approach, the LCP is formulated first as a mixed-integer 0–1 bilinear programming problem. The RLT scheme is then used to derive a new equivalent mixed-integer linear programming formulation of the LCP. An implicit enumeration scheme is developed that uses Lagrangian relaxation, strongest surrogate and strengthened cutting planes, and a heuristic, designed to exploit the strength of the resulting linearization. Computational experience on various test problems is presented.