Transition onto haemodialysis is a time of increased psychosocial difficulty, yet, many renal patients exhibit personal resilience in continuing to lead productive lives. Using a positive psychological methodology, this qualitative study aims to identify factors identified by patients as helpful in the transition onto haemodialysis. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 10 patients within six months of starting haemodialysis. Interpretive content analysis identified three main themes (each with subthemes) in patients' accounts—preparation, cognitive style and social support. Limited differences arose between patients who underwent a gradual versus acute transition onto haemodialysis. Themes are discussed with reference to implications for practice development.