IgA NEPHROPATHY IN PATIENTS RECEIVING A RENAL TRANSPLANT

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Abstract

Background:

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the third most frequent cause of renal graft loss among patients with primary glomerulonephritis.

Objectives:

To assess clinical and laboratorial profile of patients with pre and/or post transplant IgAN, in addition to patient and graft survival in both groups.

Design:

Data from 146 patients who had received a renal transplant were retrospectively collected and were divided in two groups: group 1-patients with biopsy-documented IgAN as the underlying native kidney disease (n = 128); group 2-patients who developed post-transplant IgAN independent of the underlying disease (n = 18).

Participants:

Patients submitted to renal transplantation (1998–2010) with pre and/or post transplant IgAN.

Measurements:

Clinical and laboratorial evaluation of renal function of 146 post transplant IgAN patients.

Results:

Recipients and deceased donors exhibited a higher degree of HLA compatibility (1.0 vs. 2.5 mismatches for groups 1 and 2, respectively). The main post-transplant IgAN presentation was haematuria associated with non-nephrotic proteinuria (44.4%). A histological pattern of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis was observed in 59.2% of biopsy samples. The 10-year patient survival was 93.5% in group 1 and 100% in group 2, and the graft survival rates were 58.5 and 87.2%, respectively.

Conclusion:

The rate of post-transplant IgA diagnosis in our case series was 11%, and IgAN was diagnosed late in the course of transplantation. In most cases, IgAN manifested as haematuria and non-nephrotic proteinuria, without renal graft dysfunction, and this picture might explain late indication of graft biopsies. The 10-year patient survival rates were excellent.

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