The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) between older Korean adults with complete and partial removable dentures using oral health impact profile (OHIP). A pool of 4250 Korean older adults was identified by random stratification by area from the sample cohort of Korean National Survey of Oral Health in the year of 2000. Out of the potential pool, 445 subjects with removable partial dentures (RPDs) or complete dentures (CDs) agreed to be interviewed by telephone. Each question in the survey was about how frequently each event was experienced during the past 12 months. To analyse the association between OHIP scores and removable denture status, bivariable analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used. RPD users showed higher scores on eight items than CD users. They were ‘breath stale’, ‘food catching’, ‘sensitive teeth’, ‘toothache’, ‘tense’, ‘unable to brush teeth’, ‘less tolerant to family members’ and ‘irritable with others’. RPD users might be associated with higher scores of functional limitation, physical pain and psychological discomfort than CD users. RPD users had slight tendency to be associated with higher OHIP-49 score than CD users, but it was not statistically significant. The findings of the present study confirm that there is no general OHRQoL difference between RPD and CD users. But in the items and subscales of OHIP, RPD users might experience more impaired OHRQoL than CD users.