Shear bond strength of three veneering resins to a Ni–Cr alloy using two bonding procedures

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Composite veneering materials are used as alternatives to porcelain in fixed prosthodontics. Mechanical retention of the resin on the metal framework has been associated with the formation of gaps at the resin/alloy interface, and failure of the restoration. Several chemical bonding systems have been introduced to promote resin adhesion. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of three photocured composites (Artglass, Solidex & Signum+) to a Ni–Cr alloy.72 wax disks covered with 150-μm diameter beads were cast and divided in two equal groups. In the first group, Metal Photo Primer was applied on the casting surface, while the Siloc system was used in the second. Each group was divided in three subgroups of 12 samples, in which the three composites were photocured. Half of the specimens of each subgroup were subjected to 1000 and 5000 thermal cycles (5 and 55 °C) respectively. All specimens were tested in shear in a universal testing machine. The Siloc–Solidex group showed the highest bond strength (17·3 ± 3·7 MPa). No statistically significant difference was found between specimens treated with Metal Photo Primer or Siloc. Thermocycling did not significantly affect the bond strength values. Solidex showed an adhesive failure mode for both alloy surface treatments, while Artglass and Signum+ exhibited combination failures. Conclusively, the appropriate alloy surface treatment – resin combination can significantly improve the resin–alloy shear bond strength. Specifically, Solidex resin exhibited significantly higher bond values compared with Artglass and Signum+, for both surface treatments and thermocycling procedures.

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