Effect of turban use on temporomandibular joint problems

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of daily turban wear on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems. This cross-sectional study was carried out on 249 female patients. Of these, 119 patients were using turban daily, while 130 patients did not use. Patients were asked questions to ascertain the signs of TMJ problems. Thereafter, the TMJ region was examined clinically. Cross-tabulations and Chi-square statistics were computed in accordance with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. To investigate the association between continuous turban wear and temporomandibular disorder symptoms, logistic regression analysis was performed. Limited mouth opening, deviation, pain on TMJ palpation and mouth opening were not affected with turban usage. However, turban users more frequently demonstrated pain during palpation of the masticatory muscles than non-users (P = 0·001). Duration of the turban usage did not affect clinical examination findings except pain on masticatory muscles during palpation (P = 0·001). Complaint of pain on masticatory muscles are more frequently seen among the turban users.

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