Age and Sex as Determinants of Mortality After Hip Fracture: 3,895 Patients Followed for 2.5–18.5 Years

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Abstract

Summary:

Between 1970 and 1985, a total of 3,895 persons 5=40 years of age were treated for hip fracture in a Danish municipality. The female:male ratio was 2.7. The cumulative survival was estimated and compared with that of the age- and sex-matched general population. The analysis showed that (a) the mortality was increased compared with the expected mortality, especially during the first year (19% for women, 25% for men), but a statistically significant excess mortality could be demonstrated up to 10 years after a hip fracture; (b) the mortality increased with age, even after adjustment for the expected higher mortality of the elderly; and (c) the mortality was higher for men than for women, even after adjustment for the expected higher mortality of males. This difference was already present after the first 2 weeks among patients 3*70 years of age

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