Femur Fractures with Femoral or Popliteal Artery Injuries in Blunt Trauma

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Abstract

Summary:

The treatment and results of 13 blunt femoral fractures with an arterial injury were reviewed. Two of the 13 patients (15%) sustained segmental (two levels) arterial injuries. Stabilization of the femur fractures were performed before arterial repair in 10 of the 13 femurs. The results were determined at an average of 4.5 years. For the eight open fractures, two patients had above-knee amputations, no limb regained >90° of knee motion, four patients required a brace or cane, and three patients have intermittent wound drainage. The five closed fractures all regained full function with full knee motion. Due to the 15% incidence of segmental arterial injury, “wide-field” arteriography is advised for the evaluation of this injury. Femoral stabilization may be performed before arterial repair if the procedure does not encroach on the viability of the limb. The functional results depend on the soft-tissue damage, as illustrated by the poor results seen in open fractures.

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