The effect of hetastarch 670/0.75 administered in vivo as a constant rate infusion on platelet closure time in the dog


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Abstract

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effects of hetastarch 670/0.75 on canine platelet function and clinical bleeding following its administration as a constant rate infusion (CRI) at 1 mL/kg/h and 2 mL/kg/h for 24 hours.DesignIn vivo, prospective, open-label, crossover study.SettingResearch laboratory at a university veterinary facility.AnimalsEight healthy, adult male research dogs.InterventionsEach dog received 1 mL/kg/h hetastarch for 24 hours then 2 mL/kg/h with a washout period of 10 weeks between each experiment. Platelet closure time (CT) was measured using a platelet function analyzer with collagen adenosine diphosphate (ADP) cartridges. CT measurements were performed at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 hours following initiation of hetastarch infusion.Measurements and Main ResultsAt 1 mL/kg/h, mean CT was significantly increased at the 12- and 24-hour time point relative to the baseline value, although mean CT never rose to a value above the reference interval during the 24-hour infusion. At 2 mL/kg/h, median CT was also significantly increased at the 12- and 24-hour time point relative to the baseline value. Administration of 2 mL/kg/h did progressively prolong the median CT value though only exceeded the reference interval at the 24-hour time point. Despite the prolongation of median CT, there was no clinical evidence of spontaneous bleeding in any dog during the 24-hour infusion at either CRI rate.ConclusionsHetastarch 670/0.75 when used as a 24-hour CRI at 1 and 2 mL/kg/h prolongs CT in healthy dogs at 6, 12, and 24 hours. Median CT only exceeded the reference interval at 24 hours at 2 mL/kg/h.

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