Diagnostic utility of cardiac troponin I in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

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Abstract

Background

Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is useful for assessing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in cats.

Objective

To measure plasma cTnI concentrations in healthy cats and evaluate the clinical utility of cTnI in determining the severity of HCM.

Animals

Clinically healthy cats (n = 88) and cats with HCM (n = 93).

Methods

Multicenter prospective study. Cats with HCM, including hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy at various stages, were diagnosed using echocardiography. Plasma cTnI concentrations were analyzed by a commercial laboratory. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was used to evaluate the accuracy of plasma cTnI concentrations to detect HCM.

Results

The median cTnI concentration was 0.027 ng/mL (interquartile range, 0.012–0.048 ng/mL) in healthy cats. Concentrations were significantly higher in diseased cats than in healthy controls, and concentrations were significantly higher in cats with heart failure than in asymptomatic cats. A plasma cTnI concentration of 0.163 ng/mL had a sensitivity of 62.0% and specificity of 100% when used to distinguish normal cats from asymptomatic HCM cats without left atrial dilatation. A cutoff of 0.234 ng/mL had high sensitivity (95.0%) and specificity (77.8%) for assessing heart failure. The areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves were 0.85 and 0.93, respectively.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance

Increased cTnI concentrations reflect the severity of HCM. If other causes of cardiac injury are ruled out, plasma cTnI concentration may be useful for predicting the severity of HCM in cats.

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