Impact of age on hepatic cytochrome P450 of domestic male Camborough-29 pigs

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Swine is not only an important species in veterinary medicine research but also a popular animal model for human drug discovery. It is valuable to understand the impact of pig age on abundance and activity of porcine hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP450). Liver microsomes were prepared from Camborough-29 intact male pigs at the age of 1 day and 2 weeks and the castrated male pigs at the age of 5, 10, and 20 weeks. Hepatic CYP450 content in the liver microsomes was measured using a UV/visible spectroscopic method. The activities of CYP450s were evaluated by metabolism of phenacetin, coumarin, tolbutamide, bufuralol, chlorzoxazone, and midazolam. The porcine hepatic CYP450 content increased with age with a plateau between age 2 and 5 weeks. Activities of all CYP450 enzymes increased with age of pigs too. The bufuralol 1′-hydroxylase showed the highest hepatic activities compared with other CYP enzymes at all ages of pigs. The average activities at the age of 20 weeks were about five times higher than those at the age of 5 weeks for most of the CYP enzymes. With compensation of the ratio of liver to body weights, the overall CYP450 metabolism capability of the pigs may be peaked around ages of 10 to 20 weeks. Those findings suggest that metabolism can be significantly different in growing phase of pigs and that the age may be an important factor in porcine medicine evaluation and pig model development.

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