Pharmacokinetics of cefuroxime after intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous administration to dogs

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Abstract

Albarellos, G. A., Montoya, L., Lorenzini, P. M., Passini, S. M., Lupi, M. P., Landoni, M. F. Pharmacokinetics of cefuroxime after intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous administration to dogs. J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap.39, 40–44.

Cefuroxime pharmacokinetic profile was investigated in 6 Beagle dogs after single intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous administration at a dosage of 20 mg/kg. Blood samples were withdrawn at predetermined times over a 12-h period. Cefuroxime plasma concentrations were determined by HPLC. Data were analyzed by compartmental analysis. Peak plasma concentration (Cmax), time-to-peak plasma concentration (Tmax), and bioavailability for the intramuscular and subcutaneous administration were (mean ± SD) 22.99 ± 7.87 μg/mL, 0.43 ± 0.20 h, and 79.70 ± 14.43% and 15.37 ± 3.07 μg/mL, 0.99 ± 0.10 h, and 77.22 ± 21.41%, respectively. Elimination half-lives and mean residence time for the intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous administration were 1.12 ± 0.19 h and 1.49 ± 0.21 h; 1.13 ± 0.13 and 1.79 ± 0.24 h; and 1.04 ± 0.23 h and 2.21 ± 0.23 h, respectively. Significant differences were found between routes for Ka, MAT, Cmax, Tmax, t½(a), and MRT. T > MIC = 50%, considering a MIC of 1 μg/mL, was 11 h for intravenous and intramuscular administration and 12 h for the subcutaneous route. When a MIC of 4 μg/mL is considered, T > MIC = 50% for intramuscular and subcutaneous administration was estimated in 8 h.

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