Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatological condition in children and frequently affects the wrist. The roles for wrist arthroscopy and arthroscopic synovectomy (AS) in JIA are unclear. Our aim was to find the current evidence supporting its use.Methods
Systematic literature review of relevant publications from 1990 to present in the Cochrane Library, Clinical Knowledge Summaries, DynaMed, PEMSoft, NICE Guidance, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed.Results
We found no publications detailing the use of arthroscopy or AS specifically in patients with JIA involving the wrist. There is evidence that AS reduces pain, improves function, and induces remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis resistant to medical management.Discussion and Conclusion
Although there is paucity in evidence for the use of AS in the wrists of patients with JIA, studies suggest it to be safe and effective, and could be applied to patients with refractive JIA. It is possible that early identification of patients suffering from JIA with extensive joint destruction and little symptoms could benefit from AS, delaying joint destruction and preserving function.