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Proximal migration of the first metacarpal can be seen after total trapeziectomy and various techniques have been described to prevent this subsidence.We hypothesized the insertion of a poly-L/D-lactide spacer to prevent proximal migration of the first metacarpal without the need of an additional ligament reconstruction, allowing early mobilization and less demanding rehabilitation.Ten thumbs were treated with a total trapeziectomy and insertion of a poly-L/D-lactide scaffold. Clinical and radiological evaluation was performed after 6 months and 1 year. Patient satisfaction, pain, Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) score, mobility of the thumb, and strength were assessed.Pain according to the visual analog scale decreased (p = 0.01) and QuickDASH score decreased (p = 0.02) significantly after 1 year. Radiological evaluation after 12 months showed a collapse of the scaphometacarpal distance of 45% (p = 0.01). Osteolysis of the distal scaphoid pole and/or proximal metacarpal was seen in 6 out of 10 cases. Because of the osteolysis, the use of the poly-L/D-lactide scaffold was discontinued in our practice.In this limited series, total trapeziectomy with the use of the poly-L/D-lactide scaffold provides significant pain reduction and improvement of overall function. Radiographic evaluation shows significant collapse of the scaphometacarpal distance after 1 year and frequent signs of osteolysis. We do not encourage the use of the poly-L/D-lactide scaffold with total trapeziectomy before long-term clinical and radiological follow-ups of the osteolysis are available.