Various aluminum compounds were added to pulp suspensions, and the adsorption behavior of their aluminum components on pulp fibers was studied. Aluminum contents in the handsheets were determined using an energy dispersive X-ray analyzer attached to a scanning electron microscope and an X-ray fluorescence analyzer. Although aluminum contents in the handsheets increased with increasing additions of the aluminum compounds, the detailed adsorption patterns varied among the aluminum compounds used. Their chemical structures and the pH values of the pulp suspensions greatly influence the adsorption behavior. When fines are present in the pulp suspensions, the aluminum components are predominantly adsorbed on the fines, probably due to their larger surface areas or the higher carboxyl contents compared to those of coarse fibers. Not only aluminum flocs but also far smaller components such as various aluminum cations seemed to be adsorbed on pulp fibers. Most aluminum flocs, which are formed in pulp suspensions by reacting with OH and entrapped in a fiber matrix by filtration effects, are removable by repeated mechanical agitation of the pulp suspensions.