T-2 toxin-induced apoptosis involving Fas, p53, Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in human chondrocytes

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To investigate the effects of T-2 toxin on expressions of Fas, p53, Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 on human chondrocytes.


Human chondrocytes were treated with T-2 toxin (1˜20 ng/ml) for 5 d. Fas, p53 and other apoptosis-related proteins such as Bax, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, caspase-3 were determined by Western blot analysis and their mRNA expressions were determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).


Increases in Fas, p53 and the pro-apoptotic factor Bax protein and mRNA expressions and a decrease of the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-xL were observed in a dose-dependent manner after exposures to 1˜20 ng/ml T-2 toxin, while the expression of the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 was unchanged. Meanwhile, T-2 toxin could also up-regulate the expressions of both pro-caspase-3 and caspase-3 in a dose-dependent manner.


These data suggest a possible underlying molecular mechanism for T-2 toxin to induce the apoptosis signaling pathway in human chondrocytes by regulation of apoptosis-related proteins.

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