An isocratic high-performance liquid chromatographic method with detection at 234 nm was developed, optimized and validated for the determination of testosterone in human serum. Propylparaben was used as internal standard. A Hypersil BDS RP-C18 column (150 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm), was equilibrated with a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile and water (35:65, v/v) and having a flow rate of 1 ml/min. The elution time for testosterone and internal standard was approximately 11.6 and 9.9 min, respectively. Calibration curves of testosterone in serum were linear in the concentration range of 1–20 ng/ml. Limits of detection and quantification in serum were 0.4 and 1.1 ng/ml, respectively. Recovery was greater than 92%. Intra- and inter-day relative standard deviation for testosterone in serum was less than 2.1 and 3.9%, respectively. This method was applied to the determination of testosterone serum levels of 12 healthy males and data were correlated with data obtained using a radioimmunoassay method.