Quantitative determination of clopidogrel active metabolite in human plasma by LC–MS/MS

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A quantitative method for the determination of clopidogrel active metabolite (AM) in human plasma was developed and validated using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Clopidogrel AM contains a thiol group, thus requiring stabilization in biological samples. The alkylating reagent 2-bromo-3′-methoxyacetophenone was used to stabilize clopidogrel AM in blood. An analog of the derivatized clopidogrel AM was used as the internal standard (IS). The derivatized samples were subjected to solid-phase extraction with a C2 disk plate and the overall procedure exhibited good reaction (more than 90%) and recovery efficiencies (from 85% to 105%). The derivative of clopidogrel AM (MP-AM) and IS were separated on an ODS column and quantified by tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. No significant endogenous peaks corresponding to MP-AM or IS were detected in blank human plasma samples, and no significant matrix effect was observed for MP-AM and IS in human plasma samples (from 102% to 121%). The calibration curve ranged from 0.5 to 250 ng/mL with good linearity, and extended by validation of a 50-fold dilution. In the intra- and inter-assay reproducibility tests, the accuracy and precision were within 12% relative error and 6% coefficient of variation, respectively. The derivatized MP-AM was stable in human plasma for 4 months at −80 °C. The validated method was successfully used to analyze clinical samples and determine the pharmacokinetics of clopidogrel AM.

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