A reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with evaporative light scattering detection (ELSD) was developed for simultaneous determination of jujuboside A, B and betulinic acid in semen Ziziphi spinosae. The analysis was performed by gradient elution, using an aqueous mobile phase (containing 0.1% acetic acid) modified by acetonitrile. The evaporator tube temperature of ELSD was set at 45 °C, and with the nebulizing gas flow-rate of 1.8 l/min. The method was validated for accuracy, reproducibility, precision and limits of detection and quantification. Quantification of the three active compounds in semen Ziziphi spinosae from different locations was performed by this method, which provides a new tool for quality assessment of semen Ziziphi spinosae.