Simple and accurate quantitative analysis of ten antiepileptic drugs in human plasma by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry

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Abstract

A simple, accurate, and sensitive liquid chromatography (LC)–tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) method has been developed for the simultaneous quantification of 10 antiepileptic drugs (AEDs; gabapentin (GBP), levetiracetam (LEV), valproic acid (VPA), lamotrigine (LTG), carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide (CBZ-epoxide), zonisamide (ZNS), oxcarbazepine (OXC), topiramate (TPM), carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT)) in human plasma as a tool for drug monitoring. d10-Phenytoin (d10-PHT) and d6-valproic acid (d6-VPA) were used as internal standards for the positive- and negative-ionization modes, respectively. Plasma samples were precipitated by the addition of acetonitrile, and supernatants were analyzed on a C18 reverse-phase column using an isocratic elution. Detection was carried out in selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode. The calibration curves were linear over a 50-fold concentration range, with correlation coefficients (r2) greater than 0.997 for all AEDs. The intra- and inter-day precision was less than 12%, and the accuracy was between 85.9 and 114.5%. This method was successfully used in the identification and quantitation of AEDs in patients undergoing mono- or polytherapy for epilepsy.

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