Trace level determination of chloroacetyl chloride and degradation products by derivatization gas chromatography

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HighlightsSimple GC-FID derivatization method for determination of chloroacetyl chloride.Simultaneously monitored two degradation products using same analytical conditions.Optimized derivatization conditions for maximum yields and reaction times.Validated analytical method for different pharmaceutical matrices.A gas chromatographic procedure has been developed for the trace determination of chloroacetyl chloride (CAC) and two of its impurities: methyl chloroacetate (MCA) and chloroacetic acid (CAA). All three compounds are derivatized using piperidine in dichloroethane prior to their analysis via gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Recoveries of each compound were assessed in two different pharmaceutical matrices (intermediate and final active pharmaceutical ingredient) and ranged from 75 to 125%. The limit of quantitation has been determined to be 0.10% wt/wt for CAA and 0.03% wt/wt for CAC and MCA. The linearity ranged from 0.03 to 5.00% wt/wt for CAC and MCA and from 0.10 to 5.00% wt/wt for CAA, with correlation coefficients from 0.9995 to 1.0000. Repeatability was evaluated at LOQ and at 5.00% wt/wt and was found to be between 1.4–3.0%.

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