Trace level determination of chloroacetyl chloride and degradation products by derivatization gas chromatography

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A gas chromatographic procedure has been developed for the trace determination of chloroacetyl chloride (CAC) and two of its impurities: methyl chloroacetate (MCA) and chloroacetic acid (CAA). All three compounds are derivatized using piperidine in dichloroethane prior to their analysis via gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Recoveries of each compound were assessed in two different pharmaceutical matrices (intermediate and final active pharmaceutical ingredient) and ranged from 75 to 125%. The limit of quantitation has been determined to be 0.10% wt/wt for CAA and 0.03% wt/wt for CAC and MCA. The linearity ranged from 0.03 to 5.00% wt/wt for CAC and MCA and from 0.10 to 5.00% wt/wt for CAA, with correlation coefficients from 0.9995 to 1.0000. Repeatability was evaluated at LOQ and at 5.00% wt/wt and was found to be between 1.4–3.0%.

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