Authentication of animal origin of heparin and low molecular weight heparin including ovine, porcine and bovine species using 1D NMR spectroscopy and chemometric tools

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Graphical abstractHighlightsNMR spectroscopy and chemometrics differentiated between porcine, ovine and bovine heparin and LMWH.Discriminant analysis models were validated and showed 100% accuracy.The method was applicable to differentiate manufactures of bovine heparin.NMR method is recommended for screening of heparin origin additionally to USP purity control test.High resolution (600 MHz) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is used to distinguish heparin and low-molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) produced from porcine, bovine and ovine mucosal tissues as well as their blends. For multivariate analysis several statistical methods such as principal component analysis (PCA), factor discriminant analysis (FDA), partial least squares – discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were utilized for the modeling of NMR data of more than 100 authentic samples. Heparin and LMWH samples from the independent test set (n = 15) were 100% correctly classified according to its animal origin. Moreover, by using 1H NMR coupled with chemometrics and several batches of bovine heparins from two producers were differentiated. Thus, NMR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics is an efficient tool for simultaneous identification of animal origin and process based manufacturing difference in heparin products.

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