Dissolution studies of metamizole sodium and pseudoephedrine sulphate dosage forms − comparison and correlation of electronic tongue results with reference studies

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Graphical abstractHighlightsElectronic tongue (ET) for dissolution studies of modified-release granules.Simultaneous sensing of APIs and excipients by the sensor array of ET.Evaluation of the impact of excipients on obtained dissolution profiles.Various modified-release effect dependent on the used excipients.Comparison/correlation of electronic tongue results with pharmacopoeial studies.This work reports a critical evaluation of the results of the release of active substances (APIs) from novel pharmaceutical formulations provided by an electronic tongue system (ET). Detailed dissolution studies of modified-release granules used in pharmacotherapy containing metamizole sodium and pseudoephedrine sulphate were carried out. The impact of the dissolution-modifying excipients (carmellose sodium and hypromellose) on the dissolution process as well as on the outcomes of the sensor array of ion-selective electrodes was investigated. The obtained dissolution profiles were compared and correlated with those registered during the reference studies performed according to the pharmacopoeial method. It was pointed out that the proper evaluation of the efficiency of the release modification requires the examination of dosage forms as well as physical mixtures of API and excipient. Moreover, the results obtained using potentiometric ET were complementary to the classical methodology. Their partial inconsistency, remarked during several experiments, should be interpreted with caution owing to simultaneous sensing of APIs and excipients by the sensors and their various performances (i.e. selectivity and sensitivity) towards these components.

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