“Gear mechanism” of bariatric interventions revealed by untargeted metabolomics

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Graphical abstractHighlightsChanges in metabolism after bariatric surgeries (LSG, LRYGB) were evaluated.Metabolic fingerprinting of serum samples with LC–MS and GC–MS was performed.LSG and RYGB evoked partially different changes in serum metabolome.Modulations of gut microbiota related metabolites were observed.Gear mechanism showing molecular changes evoked by bariatric procedures was proposed.Mechanisms responsible for metabolic gains after bariatric surgery are not entirely clear. The purpose of this study was evaluation of metabolic changes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in semi-annual follow up.The study participants were selected from obese patients with T2DM who underwent one of the mentioned bariatric procedures. Serum metabolic fingerprinting by use of liquid and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection was performed on samples obtained from studied patients before, one, and six months post-surgery.Performed analyses resulted in 49 significant and identified metabolites. Comparison of the two described procedures has allowed to detect metabolites linked with numerous pathways, processes and diseases. Based on the metabolites detected and pathways affected, we propose a “gear mechanism” showing molecular changes evoked by both bariatric procedures. Critical evaluation of clinical data and obtained metabolomics results enables us to conclude that both procedures are very similar in terms of general clinical outcome, but they strongly differ from each other in molecular mechanisms leading to the final effect.For the first time general metabolic effect of bariatric procedures is described. New hypotheses concerning molecular mechanisms induced by bariatric surgeries and new gut microbiota modulations are presented.

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