The use of affinity-based protein assay produced by covalently linking acetylcholinesterase to magnetic beads, followed by chemical characterization of the selective binders using Liquid Chromatography with tandem High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry (LC–HRMS) is herein described for profiling crude aqueous natural product extracts. The fishing assay was first modulated using galanthamine as a reference ligand and then, the assay condition was adjusted for the aqueous leaves extracts obtained from Lippia gracilis Schauer (genotype 201) that was used as the natural combinatory library. From the experiments, a selective binder has been undisclosed with an accurate mass of 449.1131 m/z and identified as eriodictyol 2′-O-glucoside or eriodictyol 3′-O-glucoside. The selectivity of the binding assay was demonstrated, as much as, that erydictiol 7-O-glucoside was not fished, although it was present in the crude aqueous extract. The binding assay platform exhibited high specificity and did not require any sample pretreatment, making it appropriate for profiling binders at natural libraries.