Development of monoclonal antibody-based immunoassays for quantification and rapid assessment of dihydroartemisinin contents in antimalarial drugs


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Abstract

HighlightsA new hapten for dihydroartemisinin (DHA) was obtained by microbial fermentation.Screening of hybridoma identified a DHA-specific monoclonal antibody.Two immunoassays icELISA and dipsticks were developed for DHA detection.The dipsticks have the potential for DHA quality control in point-of-care settings.Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is one of the artemisinin derivatives widely used in artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) for malaria treatment. The availability of a point-of-care device for estimation of DHA quantity would allow a quick quality assessment of the DHA-containing drugs. In this study, 9-O-succinylartemisinin was obtained from microbial fermentation of artemisinin, which was hydrogenated to 9-O-succinyldihydroartemisinin as the hapten for DHA. A monoclonal antibody (mAb), designated as 2G11G4, was identified after screening the hybridoma library, which showed 52.3% cross reactivity to artemisinin, but low or no cross reactivity to artesunate, artemether, and several ACTs partner drugs. Based on this mAb, a highly-sensitive, indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was designed, which showed 50% inhibition concentration of DHA at 1.16 ng/mL, a working range of 0.26–4.87 ng/mL, and limit of detection of 0.18 ng/mL. In addition, a colloidal gold-based lateral flow immunoassay (dipstick) was developed with an indicator range (indicating sensitivity) of 50–100 ng/mL. This dipstick was evaluated for determination of DHA contents in commercial drugs and the results were highly agreeable with those determined by high-performance liquid chromatography.

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