Liquid chromatographic techniques in betacyanin isomers separation fromGomphrena globosaL. flowers for the determination of their antimicrobial activities

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


HighlightsFirst isolation of pure betacyanin isomers from Gomphrena globosa L.Study on separation of naturally coexisting acylated gomphrenin isomers.First determination of antimicrobial activity of pure betacyanins/isomers.Acylation of betacyanins increases antimicrobial properties.High-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) combined with HPLC were established to purify, for the first time, betacyanin isomers from Gomphrena globosa L. flowers. The mixture of tert-butyl methyl ether – butanol – methanol - water TBME-BuOH-MeOH-H2O (1.0% heptafluorobutyric acid HFBA) 2:2:1:5 (v/v/v/v) in reversed phase mode was used for preliminary purification of gomphrenin derivatives. Then, semiprep-HPLC was used to obtained ten pure betacyanins: gomphrenins II and III with their cis-isomers as well as sinapoyl-gomphrenin I and its corresponding diastereomers. This is the first study on separation of naturally coexisting acylated gomphrenin isomers. The isolated compounds showed a broad antimicrobial spectrum (in the range of 0.19–1.5 mg mL−1) by inhibiting the growth of all of food-borne pathogens tested. The antimicrobial activity of acylated betacyanins was higher than that of non-acylated gomphrenin I/isogomphrenin I. Therefore, the acylation with phenolic acids increases the activity of betacyanins against fungi and bacteria, suggesting a synergetic effect of the acylated moieties and the pigment chromophoric system on the activity, which was evaluated for the first time.

    loading  Loading Related Articles