Pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and plasma protein binding study of SM-1, a novel PAC-1 derivative

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Abstract

As a PAC-1 derivative, SM-1 exhibts a promising antitumour property. To better understand the relationship between the drug concentrations and pharmacological effects, both liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography methods were developed and validated in the work. Those methods were then applied to the pharmacokinetics (PK), tissue distribution and plasma protein binding (PPB) studies of SM-1. As a results, the proposed methods were demonstrated to be accurate, precise and stable for the analysis of the SM-1 in plasma and tissue samples. Meanwhile, the PK parameters of SM-1 showed that SM-1 had good PK properties. SM-1 had good absorption in the body, with 59.01% of the absolute bioavailability in rats and 55.63% of that in dogs. SM-1 rapidly distributed to all tissues, with the highest distribution in the lung and less in the brain and muscle. The PPB rates in rat plasma, dog plasma, and human plasma were 91.1%, 91.2%, and 90.7%, respectively. These good PK properties will contribute SM-1 to be a promising anti-tumour candidate. These results also provide insights into the further pharmacological investigation of SM-1.

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