Management of acute pain remains a significant clinical problem. In preclinical studies, CB2 cannabinoid receptor-selective agonists inhibit nociception without producing central nervous system side effects. The CB2 receptor-selective agonist AM1241 produces antinociceptive effects that are antagonized by CB2, but not CB1, receptor-selective antagonists, suggesting that activation of CB2 receptors results in antinociception. However, it has not been possible to definitively demonstrate that these effects are mediated by CB2 receptors, because we have lacked the pharmacological tools to confirm the in vivo receptor selectivity of the antagonists used. Further, recent evidence for cannabinoid-like receptors beyond CB1 and CB2 raises the possibility that AM1241 exerts its antinociceptive effects at uncharacterized CB2-like receptors that are also inhibited by AM630. The experiments reported here further test the hypothesis that CB2 receptor activation inhibits nociception. They evaluated the antinociceptive actions of AM1241 and the less-selective CB2 receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 in wild-type Symbol mice and in mice with genetic disruption of the CB2 receptor (Symbol mice). AM1241 inhibited thermal nociception in Symbol mice, but had no effect in Symbol littermates. WIN55,212-2 produced equivalent antinociception in Symbol and Symbol mice, while its antinociceptive effects were reduced in Symbol compared to Symbol mice. The effects of morphine were not altered in Symbol compared to Symbol mice. These data strongly suggest that AM1241 produces antinociception in vivo by activating CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Further, they confirm the potential therapeutic relevance of CB2 cannabinoid receptors for the treatment of acute pain.