Effectiveness of Lifestyle Modification Education on Knowledge, Anxiety, and Postoperative Problems of Patients With Benign Perianal Diseases

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Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative planned education about lifestyle modifications on knowledge, anxiety level, and postoperative problems of the patients with benign perianal disease.

Design:

The study was a quasi-experimental design.

Methods:

The sample was a total of 102 patients undergoing surgical procedure for hemorrhoid and fissure in the general surgery unit of a state hospital in Turkey. Data were collected using the Descriptive Characteristics Determination Questionnaire, the Knowledge Determination Questionnaire, the Postoperative Problems Determination Questionnaire, and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory.

Findings:

Preoperative written and verbal planned education about lifestyle modifications improved knowledge and decreased anxiety levels of the patients. There were no statistically significant differences between the control and study groups in postoperative problems other than leakage.

Conclusions:

Results of the present study showed that nurse-conducted education on lifestyle modification of hemorrhoid and fissure was effective.

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