Physicochemical interactions between drugs and superdisintegrants

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Abstract

We have evaluated the interactions between superdisintegrants and drugs with different physicochemical characteristics, which may affect the in-vivo absorption e.g. after mucosal administration. The binding of sodium salicylate, naproxen, methyl hydroxybenzoate (methylparaben), ethyl hydroxybenzoate (ethylparaben), propyl hydroxybenzoate (propylparaben), atenolol, alprenolol, diphenhydramine, verapamil, amitriptyline and cetylpyridinium chloride monohydrate (CPC) to different superdisintegrants (sodium starch glycolate (SSG), croscarmellose sodium (CCS) and crospovidone) and one unsubstituted comparator (starch) was studied spectrophotometrically. An indication of the in-vivo effect was obtained by measuring the interactions at physiological salt concentrations. SSG was investigated more thoroughly to obtain release profiles and correlation between binding and ionic strength. The results showed that the main interactions with the anionic hydrogels formed by SSG and CCS were caused by ion exchange, whereas the neutral crospovidone exhibited lipophilic interactions with the non-ionic substances. The effect of increased ionic strength was most pronounced at low salt concentrations and the ion exchange interactions were almost completely eradicated at physiological conditions. The release profile of diphenhydramine was significantly affected by the addition of salt. It was thus concluded that the choice of buffer was of great importance for in-vitro experiments with ionic drugs. At physiological salt concentrations the interactions did not appear to be strong enough to influence the in-vivo bioavailability of any of the drug molecules.

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