Curcumin: a potential therapeutic polyphenol, prevents noradrenaline-induced hypertrophy in rat cardiac myocytes

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Abstract

Objectives

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of curcumin on H9c2 cardiac cell line and primary rat cardiac myocytes, using purified noradrenaline as a hypertrophy-inducing agent.

Methods

The concentration of curcumin at which cells were treated was determined by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay. The effect of this safe dose in preventing noradrenaline-induced cardiac hypertrophy was assessed by biochemical analysis (estimating total protein content), molecular analysis (using RT-PCR to study the expression of fetal genes like ANF), immunological analysis (by determining the nuclear localization of GATA-4) and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA; to study DNA binding activity of GATA-4).

Key findings

Curcumin at a concentration of 8 μm was found to suppress the increase in cell size, protein content and enhanced marker gene expression (ANF) caused by noradrenaline. Immunocytochemistry and Western blot analysis showed that curcumin suppressed the localization of transcription factor GATA-4 in the nucleus. It also showed a reduced DNA-binding activity in the presence of noradrenaline as confirmed by EMSA.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that curcumin reduces the hypertrophic marker gene expression by inhibiting nuclear localization and DNA binding activity of GATA-4. Thus it has a great anti-hypertrophic potential.

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