Due to the increasing prevalence of drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, we develop novel 4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives as antimicrobials.Methods
The antibacterial activity of 4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives against drug-susceptive S. aureus (ATCC 29213) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) were evaluated using minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay; the activity of favourable compound was further observed using bacterial growth curves assay and in the MRSA infection mice.Key findings
Compared with dihydropyran derivatives, compound 1 as one of biscoumarins showed most potent activity with MIC values of 4–8 μg/ml and apparently inhibited the growth rate of S. aureus ATCC 29213 and USA300 strain in concentrations of both 16 and 32 mg/ml. In the mice infected with MRSA USA300, administration of 5 mg/kg compound 1 improved the animal survival rate to 66.7%, and improved the pathological change in lung tissue compared with the infection model animals. No significant cytotoxicity of compound 1 was observed on the umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) under the concentration of 800 μg/ml.Conclusion
Compared with the dihydropyran derivatives, biscoumarins exhibited more promising activity against both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant S. aureus, and it is efficacious in treating MRSA infections in mouse models with a favourable safety in human cells.