Characterization of the interface between cast-to Co-Cr implant cylinders and cast Co-Cr alloys

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Abstract

Statement of problem.

The affordable Co-Cr cast alloy should provide an ideal interface with prefabricated cast-to cylinders from the same alloy family. The alloy microstructures should be maintained up to the interface, and porosities and reaction regions should be absent, and sufficient bond strength between alloys should be provided.

Purpose.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the metallurgical interfacial compatibility between Co-Cr dental casting alloys and a prefabricated Co-Cr dental implant cast-to-cylinder.

Material and methods.

A Co-Cr alloy was cast to Co-Cr implant cylinders. Specimens were cross-sectioned longitudinally and divided into as-cast and heat-treated groups. The microstructures of specimens were evaluated by optical and scanning electron microscopy. The elemental composition of as-received prefabricated implant cylinders and diffusion characteristics of cast interfacial regions were determined by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Vickers hardness values were defined across the interface on cast specimens and for the as-received implant cylinders. ANOVA and Tukey honest significant differences tests were used for the statistical evaluation of hardness values.

Results.

No significant reaction regions or porosity were present in the interface. Microstructural aspect and interdiffusion indicated a metal-metal bond between the Co-Cr implant cylinder and cast alloy. Mean hardness values demonstrated a significant rise across the interface (373.5 ±12.8; 363.8 ±12.6, respectively) from the wrought cylinder (338.6 ±10.5; 329 ±9.7, respectively) to the cast alloy (399.8 ±7.4; 392.3 ±10.3, respectively) for the as-cast and heat-treated conditions, respectively.

Conclusions.

Co-Cr casting alloy cast on to prefabricated Co-Cr implant cylinders provided interfaces which appear to fulfill the requirements of the established criteria.

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