Effect of different post space irrigation procedures on the bond strength of a fiber post attached with a self-adhesive resin cement

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Abstract

Statement of problem.

The effects of different post space irrigation procedures on the bond strength of a self-adhesive resin cement to the root canal dentin are still unclear.

Purpose.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of alternative post space irrigation procedures on the cement strengths of posts attached with a self-adhesive resin cement.

Material and methods.

Forty single-rooted teeth were selected, and after root canal preparation and obturation, post spaces were prepared. The teeth were divided into 4 groups corresponding to the post space irrigation procedure and treated as follows: the distilled water (DW) group (control) received 15 mL of distilled water; the NaOCl+ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) group was treated with 5 mL of 5.25% NaOCl, 5 mL of 17% EDTA, and 5 mL of distilled water; the chlorhexidine (CHX) group was treated with 15 mL of 2% chlorhexidine solution; and the phosphoric acid (PA) group treatment consisted of etching the walls of the prepared post holes with 35% phosphoric acid. Fiber posts were attached with a self-adhesive resin cement, and specimens were cut horizontally for push-out testing. The statistical evaluation consisted of 1-way ANOVA with the post hoc Tukey honest significant differences test (α=.05).

Results.

The NaOCl+EDTA treatment yielded a significantly higher bond strength than those used in the other 3 groups (P=.003). No statistically significant differences were found among any of the other groups, as different root regions showed similar bond strength values (P>.05).

Conclusions.

The results showed that EDTA in combination with NaOCl could be advantageous for post space irrigation when fiber posts are bonded with a self-adhesive resin cement.

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