Effect of silane contamination on dentin bond strength

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Abstract

Statement of problem

Intraoral repair of porcelain or other silica-based ceramics typically requires the use of silane in the repair protocol. Some porcelain intraoral repairs also involve bonding to exposed or involved tooth tissues including dentin. A study is needed to evaluate whether the cross-contamination of dentin with silane affects bond strength to this tissue.

Purpose

The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of silane cross-contamination on dentin bond strength.

Material and methods

Flat surfaces of human dentin specimens were created, followed by wet polishing with 320-grit silicon carbide paper. The dentin specimens were divided into 4 groups: group SE (All-Bond Universal Adhesive used in self-etching mode); group SiSE (silane applied to dentin followed by All-Bond Universal Adhesive used in self-etching mode); group ER (All-Bond Universal Adhesive used in total-etch (etch-and-rinse) mode); and group ERSi (Etch and rinse and silane applied to dentin followed by All-Bond Universal Adhesive). The dentin specimens were treated with a universal adhesive (All-Bond Universal) and bonded with a composite resin, using an Ultradent jig mold. Shear bond strength (n=10) was measured after 24 hours of water storage at 37°C. After the shear bond strength test, the dentin sides of fractured specimens in each group were examined with a stereomicroscope at ×15 magnification to determine failure modes. Data were statistically analyzed by 2-way and a 1-way ANOVA followed by post hoc Tukey honest significant difference test (α=.05). Scanning electron microscopy examination was used to evaluate the dentin surface morphology before and after bonding.

Results

The shear bond strength of composite resin to dentin was not affected adversely when the dentin was contaminated with silane prior to using All-Bond Universal in the self-etch or total- etch (phosphoric acid) mode. SE, 30.3 ±3.8 MPa; SiSE, 32.9 ±3.9 MPa; ER, 34.9 ±3.1 MPa; ERSi: 35.2 ±4.9 MPa (P>.05)

Conclusions

Under the conditions of this study, cross-contamination of dentin with silane before the use of All-Bond Universal in the self-etch or total-etch with phosphoric acid mode did not adversely affect composite resin bond strength to dentin.

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