Effects of trimethylsilane plasma coating on the hydrophobicity of denture base resin and adhesion ofCandida albicanson resin surfaces

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Abstract

Statement of problem

Candida-associated denture stomatitis is the most common oral mucosal lesion among denture wearers. Trimethylsilane (TMS) plasma coating may inhibit the growth of Candida albicans on denture surfaces.

Purpose

The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate whether TMS plasma coatings can effectively reduce C albicans adhesion on denture base acrylic resin surfaces.

Material and methods

Sixty denture base acrylic resin disks with smooth and rough surfaces were prepared and were either left untreated (control group) or coated with TMS monomer (experimental group) by using plasma. Contact angles were measured immediately after TMS plasma coating. The morphology of C albicans adhesion was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was used to characterize the elemental composition of the specimen surface. An adhesion test was performed by incubating the resin disk specimens in C albicans suspensions (1×107 cells/mL) at 37°C for 24 hours and further measuring the optical density of the C albicans by using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay test. One-way ANOVA and 2-way ANOVA were followed by a post hoc test analysis (α=.05).

Results

The group with TMS coating exhibited a more hydrophobic surface than the control group. EDS analysis revealed successful TMS plasma coating. The difference in the mean contact angles between the uncoated group and the TMS-coated group was statistically significant (P<.05), 79.0 ±2.9 degrees versus 105.7 ±1.5 degrees for the smooth surface and 90.2 ±7.6 degrees versus 131.5 ±2.1 degrees for the rough surface. In SEM analysis, the C albicans biofilm was found to grow more on the surface of the denture base resin without the TMS coating than on the surfaces of the experimental group. In the adhesion test, the amount of C albicans adhering to the surface of denture base resin with the TMS coating was significantly less than that on the surfaces without TMS coating (P<.05).

Conclusions

TMS coating significantly reduced the adhesion of C albicans to the denture base resin and may reduce denture stomatitis.

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