Effect of surface treatments on repair with composite resin of a partially monoclinic phase transformed yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia

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Abstract

Statement of problem.

Studies of composite resin repairs of yttrium-tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) are usually performed in its tetragonal phase, but it may be partially transformed into a monoclinic phase in a clinical fracture.

Purpose.

The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of airborne-particle abrasion (APA) and a bonding agent on the shear bond strength (SBS) between a composite resin and hydrothermally aged Y-TZP.

Material and methods.

Specimens (7.0×7.0×1.7 mm, N=112) of Y-TZP Lava were obtained, and 50% were aged in an autoclave at 134°C at 300 kPa for 8 hours. The surfaces were treated with APA 50-μm Al2O3 particles (ALU) or Rocatec Soft (30 μm) (ROC) followed by Clearfil SE Bond Primer (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate [10-MDP]) plus Clearfil porcelain bond activator (3-methacryloxypropyl-trimethoxy silane [3-MPS]) (CLE) or RelyX Ceramic Primer plus a layer of RelyX U100 adhesive-resin cement (REL). Composite resin cylinders were built on the Y-TZP treated surfaces. After thermocycling (6000 cycles, 5°C and 55°C, 30-second dwell time), an SBS test was carried out (n=14). Data were analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and the Tukey honest significant differences test (α=.05). The failure mode was analyzed.

Results.

The 3-way ANOVA was not significant for aging (P>.05), but the APA (P<.001), bonding agent (P<.001), and their interaction (P<.001) were significant. APA with ALU or ROC did not influence the SBS of the groups bonded with CLE, but the REL APA with ROC provided higher SBS. The failure mode was adhesive for all specimens.

Conclusions.

Adhesion was not different on monoclinic partially transformed Y-TZP. The APA with ROC followed by REL was the most effective treatment for repairing Y-TZP.

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