Long-term growth and development in children after home parenteral nutrition

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Growth and development after the cessation of prolonged parenteral nutrition (PN) has not been fully evaluated.Growth, body composition, and nutritional and developmental status were documented in nine children (five boys, four girls) 2 to 6 years old (mean 4.9 +/- 1.0 years) who had previously received long-term PN (mean 14.6 +/- 11.4 months). PN had been discontinued in all subjects for at least 6 months (mean 3.4 +/- 1.4 years); they were receiving oral feedings only. One subject had a significantly low height-for-age, and another had a low percent ideal body weight; five subjects had low total body fat. Serum vitamin A was low in six subjects. Seventy-two-hour fecal fat analysis was abnormal in two of eight subjects. Abnormal bone mineral density was present in four of nine subjects. Psychomotor development was normal in all nine subjects. Two had functional difficulties in swallowing. One or more abnormalities were present in all nine subjects. These findings suggest that children who require prolonged PN in early life are at risk for abnormalities in growth and nutritional status in later childhood; they require long-term dietary, growth, and nutritional monitoring. (J Pediatr 1998;132:461-6)

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