Secular Trends of Overweight and Obesity in Young Southern Californians 2008-2013

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Abstract

Objective

To investigate secular trends in pediatric obesity in Southern California between 2008 and 2013.

Study design

In a population-based cohort study, measured weight and height were extracted from electronic health records of 1 331 931 patients aged 2-19 years who were enrolled in an integrated prepaid health plan between 2008 and 2013. Outcomes were the prevalence of overweight and obesity (body mass index-for-age ≥85th percentile).

Results

The prevalence of obesity was 19.1% in 2008 and decreased by 1.6% (95% CI, 1.7%-1.5%) by 2013, corresponding to a relative decline of 8.4%. A significant decline was observed across all ages, sexes, races, and socioeconomic groups, but the magnitude of the decrease varied. The relative decline in obesity was stronger in boys (−9.3%) than in girls (−7.2%), in children aged 2-5 years (−15.4%) and 6-11 years (−11.8%) than in adolescents aged 12-19 years (−4.5%), and in whites (−12.6%) and Asians (−12.2%) than in Hispanics (−6.9%) and African Americans (−7.5%).

Conclusion

Secular trends from this large population-based cohort suggest that overweight and obesity in boys and girls are declining across age and racial/ethnic groups. However, the declines are less pronounced in adolescents compared with children, in girls, and in some minority groups. Programs addressing childhood obesity may need to be targeted.

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