To examine whether hypothyroidism is an extrahepatic feature of ATPase, aminophospholipid transporter, class I, type 8B, member 1 (ATP8B1) deficiency.Study design
Children with normal γ-glutamyltransferase cholestasis (n = 47; 13 patients with ATP8B1 deficiency, 19 with ATP-binding cassette, subfamily B (MDR/TAP), member 11 (ABCB11) deficiency, and 15 without either ATP8B1 or ABCB11 mutations) were enrolled. Clinical information and thyroid function test results were retrospectively retrieved from clinical records and compared. Hypothyroidism was diagnosed by clinical-biochemistry criteria (thyroid function test results).Results
Three out of 13 patients with ATP8B1 deficiency were diagnosed as hypothyroid and 2 as subclinically hypothyroid. The frequency of hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism was significantly higher than in patients with ABCB11 deficiency (5/13 vs 0/19, P = .006) and in patients without ATP8B1 or ABCB11 mutations (5/13 vs 0/15, P = .013). Thyroid function test results normalized after hormone replacement in all 5 patients, with no relief of cholestasis.Conclusions
As hypothyroidism can be another extrahepatic feature of ATP8B1 deficiency, thyroid function should be monitored in these patients.