Intubation Attempts Increase the Risk for Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Preterm Infants—A Retrospective Cohort Study

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate whether neonates exposed to multiple intubation attempts within the first 4 days after birth have an increased incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH).

Study design

This is a retrospective cohort study of infants intubated during the first 4 days after birth. Infants had birth weights (BWs) less than 1500 g and were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the University of California, San Diego, between January 1, 2005, and July 30, 2009. A subgroup analysis was done for infants with BW less than 750 g.

Results

A total of 308 infants with BW <1500 g, including 102 with a BW <750 g, were intubated within the first 4 days of life. The number of intubation attempts was significantly greater in infants with a BW <750 g who had severe IVH compared with those with mild or no IVH (OR 1.395, 95% CI 1.090-1.786, P = .008). For infants with BW <1500 g, the number of intubation attempts in the delivery room was significantly greater for infants with severe IVH (OR 1.317, 95% CI 1.052-1.649, P = .016).

Conclusion

Increased intubation attempts were associated with increased incidence of severe IVH in infants with BW less than 750 g and in infants less than 1500 g who were intubated only in the delivery room. Prospective studies are needed to further evaluate the relationship between intubation attempts and severe IVH.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles